A printable PDF version of the course syllabus is available here: syllabus.pdf.
This course is a study in the history of science ﬁction from its nineteenth-century precursors to the present. The course pays special attention to the oscillations of the genre’s status, from respectable work of the imagination (“speculative ﬁction”) to despised escapist entertainment (“pulp”) and back, before becoming a spectrum of subgenres (cyberpunk, weird, “literary,” etc.). The interpretation of science ﬁction texts is thus set within the history of science ﬁction readers, publishers, and writers, from the earliest SF pulps to massive “convergence culture” science ﬁction that straddles books, ﬁlm, TV, and internet fandom. Readings include SF (or pre-SF) short stories by authors from H.G. Wells and Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain to Octavia Butler and William Gibson, as well as novels by Pohl and Kornbluth, Ursula Le Guin, and Amitav Ghosh. Some readings in relevant scholarship and tvtropes.org. The course format is mixed lecture and discussion. Three papers, regular informal writing.
- Gain a broad understanding of the history of English-language science ﬁction literature since 1890 in terms of its diverse forms, themes, and publication media.
- Develop the ability to analyze individual or multiple science-ﬁction texts in terms of key concepts including genre, implied audience, plot construction, linguistic texture, authorial identity, publication context, and sociocultural context.
- Enter a scholarly conversation about the deﬁnitions, evolution, and purpose of the science-ﬁction genre.
- Gain proﬁciency in writing detailed scholarly arguments about texts by focusing on the speciﬁc problems of the science-ﬁction genre.
10% Class participation
Your learning in this course depends on your engaged participation. To receive credit for class participation, you must arrive on time and prepared for class, and you must engage regularly in discussion through both thoughtful speech and attentive listening. Repeated lateness, lack of preparation, or disruptive activity will be counted as an absence.
The grading scale for participation is: two or fewer absences or equivalent, 4.0; three absences, 3.0; four absences, 2.0; ﬁve or more absences, 0.
10% Informal writing
The required informal writing will consist of ﬁve short entries in a student blog. The class will be randomly divided into two groups, who will take turns blogging. Blog entries will regularly be due on Sunday evenings, as indicated on the syllabus. Each individual entry is graded on a pass-fail basis. The grading scale for work on the blog is: no more than one entry missing or late, 4.0; two entries missing, 3.0; three entries missing, 2.0; four missing, 0.
20% Paper 1 (5 pp.)
A focused analysis of a single text.
20% Paper 2 (6 pp.)
A comparative analysis of two texts.
40% Paper 3 (8–10 pp.)
A longer argument, in lieu of a ﬁnal exam. Requires some outside reading in secondary sources.
Except for reasons of documented serious illness at term end, disability, or other major extenuating circumstance, I will not assign “incomplete” or T grades. If you do not complete all three papers in time for me to submit your ﬁnal grades, you will receive a grade of F. There can be no extensions on the ﬁnal paper.
One of the ﬁrst two papers may be turned in up to three days late without penalty. The other paper must then be on time. Past these deadlines, the rate of penalty is 0.4 points per day, with no fractional penalties.
Grades will be given on the four-point scale as speciﬁed in the Undergraduate Catalog. For converting the ﬁnal score to a letter, each numerical equivalent in the Catalog will be taken as the maximum of an interval open on the left and closed on the right. Thus A corresponds to scores strictly greater than 3.5 and less than or equal to 4.0, B+ to scores greater than 3.0 and less than or equal to 3.5, B to scores greater than 2.5 and less than or equal to 3.0, and so on. There are no “minus” grades.
A (3.5, 4.0]: Outstanding. The student’s work demonstrates thorough mastery of course materials and skills.
B/B+ (2.5, 3.5]: Good. The student’s work demonstrates serious engagement with all aspects of the course but incomplete mastery of course materials and skills.
C/C+ (1.5, 2.5]: Satisfactory. The student’s work satisﬁes requirements but shows signiﬁcant problems or major gaps in mastery of course material.
D (0.5, 1.5]: Poor or minimal pass. The student completes the basic course requirements, but the student’s work is frequently unsatisfactory in several major areas.
F [0, 0.5]: Failure. Student has not completed all course requirements or turns in consistently unsatisfactory work.
We, the students and the instructor, have a duty to each other and to our community to abide by norms of academic honesty and responsibility. To present something as your own original writing when it is not is plagiarism. Plagiarism and other forms of cheating are serious violations of trust. Academic dishonesty, including plagiarism, will have severe consequences, in accordance with the University Policy on Academic Integrity and the Code of Student Conduct. For details about the University’s academic integrity policies, please see academicintegrity.rutgers.edu.
Students with disabilities
All reasonable accommodation will be given to students with disabilities. Students who may require accommodation should speak with me at the start of the semester. You may also contact the Oﬃce of Disability Services (disabilityservices.rutgers.edu; 848-445-6800).
I. Starting points
Thursday, September 5.
(Sunday, September 8.) Blog entry: trial run. Both groups.
Monday, September 9.
Wells, “The Star.” Try to ignore the Wesleyan Anthology headnotes (spoilers).
Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain, “Sultana’s Dream.”
Thursday, September 12.
Gernsback, “A New Sort of Magazine.”
Suvin, “On the Poetics of the Science Fiction Genre.”
Gelder, Popular Fiction.
TV Tropes, s.v. “Science Fiction.”
II. Early pulps
(Sunday, September 15.) Blog entry: the medium of pulp. Group 1.
Monday, September 16.
All paratexts in Amazing Stories 1, no. 1.
Gernsback, “Thank you!”
Wertenbaker, “The Man From the Atom” (read both parts).
Poe, “Mesmeric Revelation.”
Thursday, September 19.
Lovecraft, “The Call of Cthulhu.”
Browse: Weird Tales 28, nos. 2 and 3.
Paper 1 assignment distributed.
(Sunday, September 22.) Blog entry: taking it seriously. Group 2.
Monday, September 23.
Lovecraft, “The Colour Out of Space.”
Recommended: Sorensen, “A Weird Modernist Archive.”
Thursday, September 26.
Hamilton, “The Man Who Evolved” (Wesleyan Anthology). Compare the magazine version (see below, under Readings).
Stone, “The Conquest of Gola.”
Recommended: Moore, “Shambleau.”
(Sunday, September 29.) No blog entry required.
III. The Golden Age
Monday, September 30.
Bradbury, “There Will Come Soft Rains” (subsequently part of The Martian Chronicles).
Sturgeon, “Thunder and Roses.”
(Wednesday, October 2.) Paper 1 due (5 pp.).
Thursday, October 3.
“Power,” “In Times to Come,” “Science Discussions and Brass Tacks,” Campbell, Astounding Science-Fiction, 111, 124, 154–61.
Selected contemporary mainstream-press materials (online).
(Sunday, October 6.) Blog entry: SF and insiders. Group 1.
Monday, October 7.
Pohl and Kornbluth, The Space Merchants, chaps. 1–8.
Thursday, October 10.
Pohl and Kornbluth, The Space Merchants, chaps. 1–12.
(Sunday, October 13.) Blog entry: a (small) example of critique. Group 2.
Monday, October 14.
Pohl and Kornbluth, The Space Merchants, complete.
IV. The New Wave
Thursday, October 17.
Ballard, “The Cage of Sand”; “Which Way To Inner Space?”; “Fictions of Every Kind.”
(Sunday, October 20.) Blog entry: Ballard vs. Ballard. Group 1.
Monday, October 21.
Dick, “We Can Remember It for You Wholesale.”
Ellison, “‘Repent, Harlequin!’ Said the Ticktockman.”
Thursday, October 24.
Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness, chaps. 1–6.
(Sunday, October 27.) Blog entry: On style. Group 2.
Monday, October 28.
Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness, chaps. 1–10.
Thursday, October 31.
Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness, chaps. 1–15.
Paper 2 assignment distributed (boo!).
(Sunday, November 3.) Blog entry: On The Left Hand on TV Tropes. Group 1.
Monday, November 4.
Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness, complete.
Jameson, “World Reduction in Le Guin.”
Thursday, November 7.
Zoline, “The Heat Death of the Universe.”
Russ, “When It Changed.”
(Sunday, November 10.) Blog entry: Thinking across media. Group 2.
Monday, November 11.
Tangent: the moving image.
Jenkins, “Star Trek Rerun, Reread, Rewritten.”
Goldstone, “Where No Man Has Gone Before.”
Thursday, November 14.
Lem, “The Seventh Voyage.”
Lem, “How Microx and Gigant Made the Universe Expand.”
(Sunday, November 17.) No blog entry required.
Monday, November 18.
Aldiss, “Super-Toys Last All Summer Long.”
Herbert, “Seed Stock.”
(Wednesday, November 20.) Paper 2 due (6 pp.).
Thursday, November 21
Delany, “Aye, and Gomorrah….”
V. Cyberpunk to the present
(Sunday, November 24.) Blog entry: Are you in cyberspace? Group 1.
Monday, November 25.
Gibson, “Burning Chrome.”
Gibson, “Time Machine Cuba.”
Gibson, “Will We Plug Computers into our Brains?”
Tuesday, November 26. (Thursday classes meet today.)
Hayles, “Toward Embodied Virtuality.”
Butler, “Speech Sounds.”
(Thursday, November 28. Thanksgiving recess.)
(Sunday, December 1.) No blog entry required.
Monday, December 2.
Ghosh, The Calcutta Chromosome, chaps. 1–23.
Final paper assignment distributed; two outside sources required.
Thursday, December 5.
Ghosh, The Calcutta Chromosome, chaps. 1–30.
(Sunday, December 8.) Blog entry: draw a historical line. Group 2.
Monday, December 9.
Ghosh, The Calcutta Chromosome, complete.
Wrap-up and retrospect.
(Thursday, December 12. Reading day; no class.)
Last day to make arrangements to submit the ﬁnal paper electronically.
(December 16–23. Exam period.)
Monday, December 23. Final paper (8–10 pp.) due at 11 a.m.
Asimov, Isaac. “Reason.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 161–76.
Ballard, J. G. A User’s Guide to the Millennium: Essays and Reviews. London: HarperCollins, 1996.
_________. “Fictions of Every Kind.” In A User’s Guide to the Millennium: Essays and Reviews, 205–7. Online on Sakai.
_________. “The Cage of Sand.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 338–58.
_________. “Which Way To Inner Space?” In A User’s Guide to the Millennium: Essays and Reviews, 195–98. Online on Sakai.
Bradbury, Ray. “There Will Come Soft Rains.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 235–40.
Butler, Octavia E. “Speech Sounds.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 567–79.
Campbell, John W., ed. Astounding Science-Fiction 21, no. 6 (August 1938). http://www.pulpmags.org/PDFs/AS_1938_08.pdf.
Delany, Samuel R. “Aye, and Gomorrah….” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 406–14.
Dick, Philip K. “We Can Remember It for You Wholesale.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 386–404.
Ellison, Harlan. “‘Repent, Harlequin!’ Said the Ticktockman.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 367–78.
Evans, Arthur B., et al., eds. The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2010. isbn: 0819569550.
Gelder, Ken. Popular Fiction: The Logics and Practices of a Literary Field. 64–74. London: Routledge, 2004. Excerpt online on Sakai.
Gernsback, Hugo. “A New Sort of Magazine.” Amazing Stories 1, no. 1 (April 1926).
_________, ed. Amazing Stories 1, no. 1 (April 1926). http://www.pulpmags.org/PDFs/Amazing%20Stories%20April%201926.pdf.
_________, ed. Amazing Stories 1, no. 2 (May 1926). http://www.pulpmags.org/PDFs/Amazing%20Stories%20May%201926.pdf.
_________. “Thank you!” Amazing Stories 1, no. 2 (May 1926): 99.
Ghosh, Amitav. The Calcutta Chromosome: A Novel of Fevers, Delirium & Discovery. Harper, 2001. isbn: 0380813947.
Gibson, William. “Burning Chrome.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 548–65.
_________. Distrust That Particular Flavor. New York: Putnam, 2012.
_________. “Time Machine Cuba.” In Distrust That Particular Flavor, 201–9. Online on Sakai.
_________. “Will We Plug Computers into our Brains?” Time International 155, no. 25 (June 19, 2000): 54. https://login.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=3223357&site=ehost-live. Online via RU library.
Goldstone, James, dir. “Where No Man Has Gone Before.” Star Trek. Aired September 22, 1966. 2007. The DVD is on reserve at Douglass Media Center. Alternatively, streaming video is available for purchase on amazon or free, with ads, on hulu.
Hamilton, Edmond. “The Man Who Evolved.” Wonder Stories 2, no. 11 (April 1931): 1266–78. http://www.pulpmags.org/PDFs/WS_1931_04.pdf.
_________. “The Man Who Evolved.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 79–95.
Hayles, N. Katherine. “Toward Embodied Virtuality.” Chap. 1 in How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. MPublishing. http://hdl.handle.net.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/2027/heb.05711.0001.001. Online via ACLS Humanities E-Books.
Herbert, Frank. “Seed Stock.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 478–89.
Jameson, Fredric. “World Reduction in Le Guin.” In Archaeologies of the Future, 267–80. London: Verso, 2005. Online on Sakai.
Jenkins, Henry. “Star Trek Rerun, Reread, Rewritten: Fan Writing as Textual Poaching.” Chap. 2 in Fans, Bloggers, and Gamers: Exploring Participatory Culture. 1988. New York: New York University Press, 2006. Online on Sakai.
Le Guin, Ursula K. The Left Hand of Darkness. New York: Ace, 1969.
Leiber, Fritz. “Coming Attraction.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 222–33.
Lem, Stanisław. “How Microx and Gigant Made the Universe Expand.” In Mortal Engines, translated by Michael Kandel, 48–54. San Diego: Harvest, 1992. Online on Sakai.
_________. “The Seventh Voyage.” Originally published in The Star Diaries, trans. Michael Kandel. In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 491–506.
Lovecraft, H. P. “The Call of Cthulhu.” In The Call of Cthulhu and Other Weird Stories, 139–69.
_________. The Call of Cthulhu and Other Weird Stories. Edited by S. T. Joshi. New York: Penguin, 1999. isbn: 9780141182346.
_________. “The Colour Out of Space.” In The Call of Cthulhu and Other Weird Stories, 170–99.
Moore, C. L. “Shambleau.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 111–35.
Poe, Edgar Allan. “Mesmeric Revelation.” Amazing Stories 1, no. 2, 124–27.
Pohl, Frederik, and C. M. Kornbluth. The Space Merchants. New York: St. Martin’s Griﬃn, 2011. isbn: 9781250000156.
Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain. “Sultana’s Dream.” http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/sultana/dream/dream.html.
_________. “Sultana’s Dream.” In “Sultana’s Dream: A Feminist Utopia” and Selections from The Secluded Ones. New York: Feminist Press, 1988. isbn: 9780935312836. Optional; text available online as well.
Russ, Joanna. “When It Changed.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 508–15.
Sorensen, Leif. “A Weird Modernist Archive: Pulp Fiction, Pseudobiblia, H. P. Lovecraft.” 17, no. 3 (2010): 501–22. http://muse.jhu.edu.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/journals/modernism-modernity/v017/17.3.sorensen.pdf. Online via Project Muse.
Stone, Leslie F. “The Conquest of Gola.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 96–109.
Sturgeon, Theodore. “Thunder and Roses.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 190–210.
Suvin, Darko. “On the Poetics of the Science Fiction Genre.” College English 34, no. 3 (December 1972): 372–82. http://www.jstor.org.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/stable/375141. Online via JSTOR.
Wells, H. G. “The Star.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 39–49.
Wertenbaker, G. Peyton. “The Man From the Atom.” Pts. 1 and 2. Amazing Stories 1, no. 1 (April 1926): 62–66; 1, no. 2 (May 1926): 140–47.
Wright, Farnsworth, ed. Weird Tales: A Magazine of the Bizarre and Unusual 28, no. 2 (August–September 1936). http://www.pulpmags.org/PDFs/Weird%20Tales%20August-September%201936.pdf.
_________, ed. Weird Tales: A Magazine of the Bizarre and Unusual 28, no. 3 (October 1936). http://www.pulpmags.org/PDFs/WT_1936_10.pdf.
Zoline, Pamela. “The Heat Death of the Universe.” In Evans et al., The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction, 416–29.
My thanks to Lee Konstantinou and Anne DeWitt for suggestions and models for this syllabus.
This syllabus is available for duplication or modiﬁcation for other courses and non-commercial uses under a CC BY-NC 3.0 license. Acknowledgment with attribution is requested.